This script will try to find:

  • the direct IP address of a server behind a firewall like Cloudflare, Incapsula, SUCURI …
  • an old server which still running the same (inactive and unmaintained) website, not receiving active traffic because the A DNS record is not pointing towards it. Because it’s an outdated and unmaintained website version of the current active one, it is likely vulnerable for various exploits. It might be easier to find SQL injections and access the database of the old website and abuse this information to use on the current and active website.

This script (ab)uses DNS history records. This script will search for old DNS A records and check if the server replies for that domain. It also outputs a confidence level, based on the similarity in HTML response of the possible origin server and the firewall.

Usage
Use the script like this:
bash bypass-firewalls-by-DNS-history.sh -d example.com

  • -d --domain: domain to bypass
  • -o --outputfile: output file with IP’s
  • -l --listsubdomains: list with subdomains for extra coverage

Requirements (optional)
jq is needed to parse output to gather automatically subdomains. Install with apt install jq.

For who is this script?
This script is handy for:

  • Security auditors
  • Web administrators
  • Bug bounty hunters
  • Blackhatters I guess ¯_(ツ)_/¯

How to protect against this script?

  • If you use a firewall, make sure to accept only traffic coming through the firewall. Deny all traffic coming directly from the internet. For example: Cloudflare has a list of IP’s which you can whitelist with iptables or UFW. Deny all other traffic.
  • Make sure that no old servers are still accepting connections and not accessible in the first place

Web services used in this script
The following services were used:

  • securitytrails.com
  • certspotter.com

Tags
WAF bypass
Web Application Firewall bypass
DNS History
find direct/origin IP website